Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
6 Months Ended
Apr. 30, 2024
Notes to Financial Statements  
Significant Accounting Policies [Text Block]

Note 2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies


We describe our significant accounting policies in Note 2 of the notes to condensed consolidated financial statements in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2023 ("Annual Report"). During the six months ended April 30, 2024, there were no changes to those accounting policies.


Basis of presentation


Our condensed consolidated balance sheet as of October 31, 2023, which was derived from our audited condensed consolidated financial statements and our unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements provided herein have been prepared in accordance with the instructions for Form 10-Q. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America ("GAAP") and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC"). Accordingly, they do not include all the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. The enclosed statements reflect all normal and recurring adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary to present a fair statement of the interim periods. The consolidated results of operations and cash flows for the first six months of the year are not necessarily indicative of the consolidated results of operations and cash flows that might be expected for the entire year. These condensed consolidated financial statements and the accompanying notes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2023.


Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified in order to conform to the current year presentation.


During the first quarter of fiscal year 2024, certain assets and associated revenues and expenses previously part of the Company's Other activities has now been aggregated into its U.S. Concrete Pumping segment in order to better align its placement with the manner in which the Company now allocates resources and measures performance. As a result, segment results for prior periods have been reclassified to conform to current period presentation. For further discussion, see Note 18.


Use of estimates


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amount of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.


Revenue recognition


The Company generates revenues primarily from (1) concrete pumping services in both the U.S. and U.K and (2) the Company’s concrete waste services business, both of which are discussed below. In addition, the Company generates an immaterial amount of revenue from the sales of replacement parts to customers. The Company’s delivery terms for replacement part sales are FOB shipping point. Revenue is disaggregated between two accounting standards: (1) ASC 606, Revenue Recognition ("ASC 606") and (2) ASC 842, Leases ("ASC 842").


Leases as Lessor


Our Eco-Pan business involves contracts with customers whereby we are a lessor for the rental component of the contract and therefore, such rental components of the contract are recorded as lease revenue. We account for such rental contracts as operating leases. We recognize revenue from pan rentals in the period earned, regardless of the timing of billing to customers. The lease component of the revenue is disaggregated by a base price that is based on the number of contractual days and a variable component that is based on days in excess of the number of contractual days.


The table below summarizes our revenues as presented in our unaudited consolidated statements of operations for the periods ended  April 30, 2024 and 2023 by revenue type:



Three Months Ended April 30,


Six Months Ended April 30,


(in thousands)










Service revenue










Lease fixed revenue










Lease variable revenue










Total revenue











Receivables and contract assets and liabilities


Receivables are carried at the original invoice amount less an estimate made for doubtful receivables based on a review of all outstanding amounts. Generally, the Company does not require collateral for their accounts receivable; however, the Company may file statutory liens or take other appropriate legal action when necessary on construction projects in which collection problems arise. A receivable is typically considered to be past due if any portion of the receivable balance is outstanding for more than 30 days. The Company does not typically charge interest on past-due receivables.


Pursuant to CECL (defined below), Management determines the allowance for doubtful accounts by identifying troubled accounts and by using historical experience applied to an aging of accounts, Management’s understanding of the current economic circumstances within the Company’s industry, reasonable and supportable forecasts and Management’s judgment as to the likelihood of ultimate payment based upon available data. Receivables are written off when deemed uncollectible. Recoveries of receivables previously written off are recorded when received. Our estimate of doubtful accounts could change based on changing circumstances, including changes in the economy or in particular circumstances of individual customers.  Accordingly, the Company may be required to increase or decrease the allowance for doubtful accounts.


The Company does not have contract liabilities associated with contracts with customers. The Company’s contract assets and impairment losses associated therewith are not significant. Contracts with customers do not result in amounts billed to customers in excess of recognizable revenue.


Newly adopted accounting pronouncements


ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments Credit Losses (Topic 326) ("ASU 2016-13") - In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, which, along with subsequently issued related ASUs, requires financial assets (or groups of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, among other provisions (known as the current expected credit loss ("CECL") model). Under the new guidance, the Company recognizes an allowance for its estimate of expected credit losses over the entire contractual term of its receivables from the date of initial recognition of the financial instrument. Measurement of expected credit losses are based on relevant forecasts that affect collectability. The Company’s receivables are in scope for CECL. At the point that these receivables are recorded, they become subject to the CECL model and estimates of expected credit losses over their contractual life are recorded at inception based on historical information, current conditions, and reasonable and supportable forecasts. This ASU is effective for smaller reporting companies with fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted CECL as of November 1, 2023 for fiscal year ending October 31, 2024. The adoption of CECL did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures or the existing internal controls because the Company’s accounts receivable are of short duration and there is not a material difference between incurred losses and expected losses.


Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet effective


ASU 2023-07, Improvements to Reportable Segment Disclosures ("ASU 2023-07") - In November 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-07, which improves reportable segment disclosure requirements, primarily through enhanced disclosures about significant segment expenses. In addition, the amendments enhance interim disclosure requirements, clarify circumstances in which an entity can disclose multiple segment measures of profit or loss, provide new segment disclosure requirements for entities with a single reportable segment, and contain other disclosure requirements. The purpose of the amendments is to enable investors to better understand an entity’s overall performance and assess potential future cash flows. This ASU is effective for public companies with annual periods beginning after December 15, 2023, and interim periods within annual period beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.


ASU 2023-09, Improvements to Income Tax Disclosures ("ASU 2023-09") - In December 2023, the FASB issued ASU No. 2023-09, which requires disaggregated information about a reporting entity’s effective tax rate reconciliation as well as information on income taxes paid. The standard is intended to benefit investors by providing more detailed income tax disclosures that would be useful in making capital allocation decisions. This ASU is effective for public companies with annual periods beginning after December 15, 2024, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the effects adoption of this guidance will have on its consolidated financial statements.