Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Note 3 - New Accounting Pronouncements

Note 3 - New Accounting Pronouncements
9 Months Ended
Jul. 31, 2022
Notes to Financial Statements  
Accounting Standards Update and Change in Accounting Principle [Text Block]

Note 3. New Accounting Pronouncements


We have opted to take advantage of the extended transition period available to emerging growth companies pursuant to the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (the “JOBS Act”) for new accounting standards.


Newly adopted accounting pronouncements


Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting (“ASU 2020-04”) - In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, which provides optional guidance for a limited period of time to ease the potential burden in accounting for (or recognizing the effects of) reference rate reform on financial reporting for contracts, hedging relationships, and other transactions that reference the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”). Specifically, to the extent the Company's debt agreements are modified to replace LIBOR with another interest rate index, ASU 2020-04 will permit the Company to account for the modification as a continuation of the existing contract without additional analysis. Companies may generally elect to apply the guidance for periods that include March 12, 2020 through December 31, 2022. Effective October 1, 2021, the Company transitioned all of its GBP borrowings from LIBOR to the Sterling Overnight Index Average ("SONIA") rate. Effective June 29, 2022, the Company transitioned all of its U.S. Dollar borrowings from LIBOR to the Secured Overnight Financing Rate ("SOFR"). The modified rate had no impact on the Company's consolidated statements of operations. See Note 9 for further discussion.


Recently issued accounting pronouncements not yet effective


ASU 2016-02, Leases ("ASU 2016-02") - In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-02, which is codified in ASC 842, Leases (“ASC 842”) and supersedes current lease guidance in ASC 840, Leases. ASC 842 requires a lessee to recognize a right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability for substantially all leases. The lease liability will be equal to the present value of the remaining lease payments while the right-of-use asset will be similarly calculated and then adjusted for initial direct costs. In addition, ASC 842 expands the disclosure requirements to increase the transparency and comparability of the amount, timing and uncertainty of cash flows arising from leases. In July 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-11, Leases ASC 842: Targeted Improvements, which allows entities to initially apply the new leases standard at the adoption date and recognize a cumulative-effect adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings in the period of adoption.


The new standard is effective for emerging growth companies that have elected to use private company adoption dates for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, and interim periods within fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022. The Company has completed the process of gathering a complete inventory of its lease contracts. The majority of leases are for real property (land and buildings), which the Company has determined will be treated as operating leases under this ASU. The Company has also identified the population of leases that are determined to be short term and will be scoped out of consideration for this ASU. The Company anticipates recording a material right-of-use asset and related lease liability for the scoped-in leases derived from the present value of future minimum lease payments, but does not expect its expense recognition pattern to change. Therefore, the Company does not anticipate a material change to its consolidated statements operations or cash flows as a result of adopting this ASU. The Company plans to adopt the guidance in its Form 10-K for the year ended October 31, 2022, with an effective date of adoption of November 1, 2021. 


ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments Credit Losses (Topic 326) (“ASU 2016-13”) - In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, which, along with subsequently issued related ASUs, requires financial assets (or groups of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected, among other provisions. This ASU is effective for smaller reporting companies with fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted. The Company plans to adopt the guidance during the first quarter of the fiscal year ending October 31, 2024. The amendments of this ASU should be applied on a modified retrospective basis to all periods presented. The Company is currently evaluating the effects adoption of this guidance will have on the consolidated financial statements.