Note 15 - Earnings Per Share
|3 Months Ended|
Jan. 31, 2021
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Earnings Per Share [Text Block]||
Note 15. Earnings Per Share
The Company calculates earnings per share in accordance with ASC 260, Earnings Per Share. For purposes of calculating earnings (loss) per share (“EPS”), a company that has participating security holders (for example, holders of unvested restricted stock that have non-forfeitable dividend rights and the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock) is required to utilize the two-class method for calculating EPS unless the treasury stock method results in lower EPS. The two-class method is an allocation of earnings/(loss) between the holders of common stock and a company’s participating security holders. Under the two-class method, earnings/(loss) for the reporting period is calculated by taking the net income (loss) for the period, less both the dividends declared in the period on participating securities (whether or not paid) and the dividends accumulated for the period on cumulative preferred stock (whether or not earned) for the period. Our common shares outstanding are comprised of shareholder owned common stock and shares of unvested restricted stock held by participating security holders. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing income or loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding, excluding participating shares. To calculate diluted EPS, basic EPS is further adjusted to include the effect of potentially dilutive stock options outstanding and Series A Preferred Stock outstanding as of the beginning of the period.
At January 31, 2021, the Company had outstanding (1) 13,017,777 million warrants to purchase shares of common stock at an exercise price of $11.50, (2) 3.1 million outstanding unvested restricted stock awards, (3) 1.2 million outstanding vested incentive stock options, (4) 0.5 million outstanding unvested non-qualified stock options, and (5) 2.5 million shares of Series A Preferred Stock, all of which could potentially be dilutive. For all periods presented, the weighted-average dilutive impact, if any, of these shares was excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per common share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. As a result, dilutive earnings (loss) per share is equal to basic earnings (loss) per share.
The table below shows our basic and diluted EPS calculations for the three-month period ended January 31, 2021 and January 31, 2020:
The entire disclosure for earnings per share.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef